[FrontPage Include Component] 

In addition to the more extensive treatment outlined in the table of contents below, people interested in getting rapidly to the core of this work can choose to take one of a number of 'Quick Tours' by clicking here. Reading researchers, linguists and others interested in the most expedient path to understanding our essential theoretical arguments click here.

Table of Contents

Our Reading Problem - A summary of national level research that conveys the scope and consequences of our nation's reading problem.

Two Core Processes - A summary of the most current research on the two central processes associated with reading problems.

Why Can't We Read? - Questions and examples that explore the technology (code) problems underlying our reading problems.

Two Archaic Technologies - A summary of the history of our alphabet and spelling technologies and their affect upon reading.

The Obstacles to Change - A summary of why it has been impossible to change the Alphabet or English spelling sufficient to improve the readability of our written language.

The Reading Wars - We propose that the 400 year old 'wars' between 'whole word' and 'phonics' are waged on the assumption that we can't change the underlying problems of the 'code'.

The Real Problem -  Our understanding of the problem at the heart of our reading problems: 'code induced ambiguity overwhelm'.

Our Proposal - We propose that it is possible without changing the Alphabet or English spelling to reduce the code's ambiguity and transform the process of learning to read.

Theoretical Foundations - We correlate our theory of 'ambiguity overwhelm' with the work of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development’s and National Institute of Health's research programs in reading.

PCues - The general design principles and initial examples of the visual phonic cue system.

The Technology - Outline of the tool that will transform any text file into a Pcued reading materials.

The Pedagogy - Outline of how to teach children to read with the cues.

Questions and Answers - Excerpts from dialogues with linguists, reading teachers, orthographic reformers and mind-scientists.

What You Can Do - we list ways in which interested people can help this, neglected injustice to the well being of millions, become better understood and remedied.

Our Story - we share who we are, we acknowledge our mentors and offer a brief story on how we came to this work.

Glossary - a glossary assembled from the web sites of the leading research organizations that explain the terms used in this work.

Contact & Feedback - our contact information and a feedback form for sharing your responses to our work.

Organization and Instructions: 

Ultimately our proposal is very simple.  However, to communicate its simplicity we must rely upon the reader to have a working understanding of certain key issues related to reading.  Consequently, the first six sections are intended to develop the background necessary to understanding the context of our proposal.  As much of this work has already been explored and established by other researchers, national research institutes and government agencies, a good part of these sections will simply be a 'guided tour' through their findings.  We have broken these tours into 3 pieces: a top level summary, a 'more on' extension and finally an appendix with much greater detail and with the addresses to the original researcher's web sites.  Unless you are an expert in this field, we highly recommend you take the time to travel deeper into the available information and at least review the 'More' level of additional materials.


There are two modes of navigating the information here:

At the top right hand corner of each web page is a pull down menu  . By clicking on it a menu containing the table of contents will drop down. By selecting any one of the available options your web browser will be taken there. If for some reason this doesn't work on an older browser, you can always return to this page and use its Table of Contents.

At the bottom of each page is a menu bar. It will display choices available to you at the conclusion of each main page. In some cases this will simply be to go back to the section you were at  <Previous to your current location or to go forward the  Next> section (following the sequence of the Table of Contents). In many cases the menu will provide you other choices such as More on, or the Appendix relevant to, your current section of the work. Simply click on the words or their associated arrows to be taken to that additional material.


The Bottom most selection of the Navigation Menu will take you to our Contact & Feedback page. Please send us your feedback and opinions as they will help us evolve the work and help ensure it gets widely read.

Recommendations on reading the content in this site:

This site includes a complex matrix of links that enable you to move amongst its various contents and many other sites on the world wide web. It is highly recommended that you read through this material while on-line. If this is not practical, write to us to request a pdf version of the site's contents you can use for off-line on-screen reading or for printing.

©Copyright Information:

This work in its entirety is ©Copyright 2001- 2003 by Training Wheels for Literacy and Implicity: A Vision Learning to Happen. We can not speak for the copyright holders associated with any of the reference materials appearing in this work (always credited and/or linked) you must contact them directly.

Until we are further along in development the contents of this site are being shared with friends of the project only. Please do not pass on your username/password without checking with us first.


©Copyright 2001- 2003 by Training Wheels for Literacy & Implicity













Hit Counter